Threats to Biodiversity in King County
The three greatest threats to native biodiversity in King County (and most places) are development and associated fragmentation and loss of habitat, invasive species, and climate change (not necessarily in that order). In fact, King County's biodiversity is continually changing and evolving as it is impacted by urbanization and development, invasive species, and climate change. To make matters even more complicated, these three threats impact each other and often thereby exacerbate the impacts on biodiversity! For example, as we develop new areas for homes, say, we build roads, and those roads provide new inlets for invading species. As the climate changes, new diseases can move in and impact our forests by killing trees. In short, all these impacts on biodiversity are interconnected in complex and myriad ways.
Urbanization and Development
Urbanization and Biodiversity. King County is the most populous county in Washington State, and it has seen a great majority of its native landscape altered during the last 150 years. Vast areas have been converted from expansive carpets of conifer forest and wetlands to human uses, particularly in the Puget Lowland Ecoregion. Activities such as forestry, agriculture, and urbanization have reduced and often eliminated the connectivity of native vegetation in King County and transformed the landscape. What does all this mean for our county's biodiversity? A loss of some species, an invasion of some other species, and some new assemblages. Our Urbanization and Biodiversity page discusses not only the changing populations of plants and animals, but also some of the management approaches to help animals and plants co-exist with people. Additionally, our Wildlife in Urban and Urbanizing Areas page has wildlife-specific information.
Invasive Species and Biodiversity. Invasive species are typically non-native plants or animals that are highly competitive, often difficult to control or eliminate, and in extreme cases may be quite destructive of native ecosystems or economically valuable plant and animal resources. Invasive plants that are highly destructive are termed "noxious weeds," whereas destructive invasive animals are classified as "pests." Because non-native species did not evolve here with the rest of the species in the ecosystems, they often have no natural controls -- no competition. Our Invasive Species and Biodiversity page describes many of the local invading species, how they arrived, and also what you as a citizen can do to help keep more from arriving or spreading.
Climate Change and Biodiversity. The effects of climate change are already beginning to be observed King County, but they are only beginning to be understood and are presumed to increase over time. In the face of climate change, biodiversity conservation may be of critical importance for buffering the effects of rising temperatures on regional ecosystems, damping the rates of ecological change, and reducing the potential for sudden, extreme changes in the environment. Our Climate Change and Biodiversity page has information on how the climate is expected to change and how biodiversity in King County may change along with it. We also present a case study on marine shorelines and how climate change is expected to impact them.