The goal of intervention is to reduce the risk of harm and decrease problem behaviors that result from continued use of substances. The intent of the intervention is to take action that decreases risk factors related to substance use, abuse or dependency as well as enhance protective factors and provide ongoing services as appropriate.
The specific goal of each individual client is determined by his/her consumption pattern, the consequences of his/her use and the setting in which the intervention is delivered.
Intervention techniques vary based on the specific population being served and may be delivered to participants throughout the P-I-T-A continuum. For example, early intervention programs may include a student assistance program that provides structured assessments of individual students who are beginning to use drugs and to experience problem behaviors. Intervention may also include case management care for chronic public inebriates that focuses on harm reduction.
Intervention services include but are not limited to:
- School intervention – pre-assessment, screening, information/education and referral
- Services Assessment
- Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment
- Case Management to facilitate referral to treatment
While Intervention is identified as a distinct category within the continuum, there is overlap between prevention strategies, treatment services and aftercare.