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Bibliography

Planning the Canal

Neil H. Purvis, "History of the Lake Washington Canal," Washington Historical Quarterly, April 1934, pp. 114-127.

Northwest Passages: A History of the Seattle District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1896 – 1920, by William F. Willingham, Ph.D based in part on research by Robert E. Ficken, 1992. http://www.nws.usace.army.mil/Portals/27/docs/Histories/Volume%201.pdf.

“Turning Point 11: Borne on the 4th of July: The Saga of the Lake Washington Ship Canal” By Walt Crowley and the HistoryLink.org Staff, HistoryLink.org Essay 9311, Posted 7/03/200, http://historylink.org/file/9311.

“The Government Canal: Long Cherished Dream of Seattle on the Eve of Realization – The Finally Adopted Route,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, January 3, 1897, page 3.

King County Resolution 2873,right-of-way secured for Government Canal, King County Commissioners Proceedings, September 17, 1897. Series 118, Commissioners Proceedings, item 118.180.12, King County Archives.

King County Resolution 2430, setting special bond election to decide if the County should participate in the construction of the Lake Washington Canal, King County Commissioners Proceedings, August 10, 1906. Series 118, Commissioners Proceedings, item 118.175.55, King County Archives.

“King County Superior Court approves condemnation of land along a proposed route of Lake Washington Ship Canal (later the route of State Route 520) on November 25, 1898,” By Jennifer Ott, HistoryLink.org Essay 10186, Posted 12/30/2012, http://www.historylink.org/File/10186.

“Great Lake Washington Canal Will Return Cost Hundred Times Over,” The Seattle Sunday Time, Magazine Section front page, September 1, 1907.

 

The Mills of Salmon Bay

“Seattle’s Commercial and Industrial Shorelines: Inventory Background Report,” Seattle Shoreline Master Program Revision Project, Seattle Department of Construction and Land Use, U.S. Government Printing Office, August, 1983.

Seattle Municipal Archives Online Exhibit Annexed Cities: Ballard http://www.seattle.gov/cityarchives/exhibits-and-education/online-exhibits/annexed-cities/ballard.

Polk’s Ballard City Directory 1907 , Polk’s Seattle Directory Co., 1907.

Bards & Co's Classified Business Directory of Olympia, Tacoma, Puyallup, Seattle, Everett, Port Townsend, Fairhaven, New Whatcom, and Port Angeles for the years1898-1899, Bards & Co., New York, 1898.

“Brevities,” [W. R. Ballard to move mill to Salmon Bay], Seattle Post-Intelligencer, October 21, 1888, page 5.

“Brevities,” [suit over Salmon Bay shingle mill], Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 25, 1889, page 5.

“Town of Ballard: The New City Council Holds Regular Meetings,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 04, 1890, page 16.

“Seattle Now & Then: ‘Threading the Bead’ between Magnolia and Ballard,” by J. R. Sherrard, DorpatSharrardLomont, December 18, 2010. https://pauldorpat.com/2010/12/18/seattle-now-then-threading-the-bead-between-magnolia-and-ballard/

“Funds asked for Ballard end of canal,” Seattle Daily Times, January 21, 1905, page 3.

“We will soon be ‘Seattle Northwest,’” The Seattle Sunday Times, April 14, 1907, page 23.

Ficken, Robert E., The Forested Land: A History of Lumbering in Western Washington, University of Washington Press; January 1987.

“From the Pacific Northwest,” American Lumberman, January 21, 1911, page 71.

Bagley, Clarence. History of King County, Washington. Vol. III. Chicago - Seattle, IL, WA: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1929. Pages 309-311 and 373-375.

History of Bay County, Michigan, with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers, H. R. Page & Co., Chicago, 1883. Page 48.


Shingle Weavers and Lumbermen

Ficken, Robert E., The Forested Land: A History of Lumbering in Western Washington, University of Washington Press; January 1987.

“The International Shingle Weavers of America,” by Philip C. Emerson, University of Washington STRIKE: Seattle General Strike Project , 1999. http://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/emerson.shtml

“The International Union of Timberworkers, 1911-1923,” by Chris Canterbury, University of Washington, STRIKE: Seattle General Strike Project, 1999. http://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/canterbury.shtml

“Ballard Labor Scarce,” The Seattle Daily Times, March 12, 1906, page 4.

“Owners hold out on small price,” The Seattle Daily Times, April 4, 1906, page 10.

“Strike affects only small owners,” The Seattle Daily Times, April 3, 1906, page 2.

“Wage question to be considered,” The Seattle Daily Times, January 1, 1908, page 4.

Scandinavian Settlement in Seattle, "Queen City of the Puget Sound"*by Patsy Adams Hegstad, Volume 30: Page 55. NAHA Online, The Norwegian-American Heritage Association. https://www.naha.stolaf.edu/pubs/nas/volume30/vol30_02.htm

“Tracing the Growth of the Shingle Weavers Union,” The Labor Journal, February 7,1913, front page. Everett Trades Council, Everett, Washington.

 

Timberworkers Strike

“The International Shingle Weavers of America,” by Philip C. Emerson, University of Washington STRIKE: Seattle General Strike Project , 1999. http://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/emerson.shtml

“The International Union of Timberworkers, 1911-1923,” by Chris Canterbury, University of Washington, STRIKE: Seattle General Strike Project, 1999.  http://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/canterbury.shtml

“Strike at Ballard likely to paralyze all shingle mills,” The Seattle Daily Times, April 07, 1913, pages 1-2.

“Shingleweavers to adopt retaliatory measures,” The Labor Journal, May 7, 1915, front page. Everett Trades Council, Everett, Washington.

“Tracing the Growth of the Shingle Weavers Union,” The Labor Journal, February 7,1913, front page. Everett Trades Council, Everett, Washington.

“Everett Massacre (1916),” by Margaret Riddle, HistoryLink.org Essay 9981, posted 12/18/2011. http://www.historylink.org/File/9981

Ficken, Robert E., The Forested Land: A History of Lumbering in Western Washington, University of Washington Press; January 1987.

“Sheriff Butts in on City: sends deputies to Ballard,” The Seattle Star, May 15, 1913, Volume 15, No. 66, front page.

“Dynamite plot laid at door of Ballard shingle mill owner,” The Seattle Sunday Times, August 24, 1913, front page.

Industrial Relations: final report and testimony submitted to Congress by the Commission on Industrial Relations created by the Act of August 23, 1912, Volume V –Industrial relations and remedies, Seattle, Wash. Government Printing Office, 1916.

“Club’s effort to end Ballard strike fails,” The Seattle Daily Times, April 22, 1913, page 5.

“Second petition to recall sheriff filed,” The Seattle Daily Times, June 29, 1913, page 14.

“Devises new plan of cooperation,” The Seattle Sunday Times, November 22, 1914, page 26.

There is Unrest in the Forest: The Industrial Workers of the World and the Battle for the Eight-Hour Workday, by Kearby Matthew Chess, May 1, 2009. Washington State University Libraries Research Exchange. http://hdl.handle.net/2376/2684 

 

The Ship Canal – Final Decisions

[Re: ship canal assessment roll] Correspondence from King County Prosecuting Attorney Kenneth Mackintosh to County Commissioners, September 28, 1908. Prosecuting Attorney Opinions, A15-027, Box 3, King County Archives. King County Archives.

[Re: ship canal bond measure] Correspondence from King County Prosecuting Attorney Kenneth Mackintosh to County Commissioners dated July 16, 1906. Prosecuting Attorney Opinions, A15-027, Box 3, King County Archives. King County Archives.

“Ballard millmen fear canal bill” Seattle Daily Times, February 15, 1910, page 10.

Osborne, Tremper & Company, Incorporated, Appellant, v. King County, Respondent No. 11214. Supreme Court of Washington, Department Two, 76 Wash. 277; 136 P. 138; 1913. Wash. LEXIS 1810, November 1, 1913,Washington Courts https://www.lexisnexis.com/clients/wareports/  retrieved 04/11/2017.

“The State of Washington, on the relation of Thomas Burke et al., respondent, v. Board of Commissioners of King County et al., appellants, reported in 109 Pac. 350. [No. 8233, May 28, 1910], Washington Reports Vol. 58: cases determined in the Supreme Court of Washington March 25-1910 – June 10, 1910, Arthur Remington, Bancroft-Whitney Co., Seattle and San Francisco, 1910.

“Petition for lock at mouth of bay,” The Seattle Daily Times, October 30, 1906, page 8.

“Ballard discusses location of lock,” The Seattle Daily Times, October 11, 1906, page 7.

“Will discuss canal lock controversy,” The Seattle Daily Times, December 19, 1906, page 13.

Millmen explain attitude,” The Seattle Daily Times, July 10, 1907, page 8.

“Great Lake Washington Canal will return cost hundred times over,” The Seattle Sunday Times, September 1, 1907.

“Map of Lake Washington Canal showing probable location of locks,” The Seattle Sunday Times, June 30, 1907, page 27.

“Mills will have to be closed down,” The Seattle Daily Times, July 5, 1907.

“Ships’ Canal work to be delayed: attorneys representing Ballard mills notify County Commissioners that assessment will be fought to a finish,” The Seattle Daily Times, June 30, 1908, page 4.

“’Selfish!’ say Ballard business men – ‘No, we would only protect millions in property.’: Manufacturers tell why they oppose the canal,” The Seattle Sunday Times, October 11, 1908, page 21.

“Indian sign put on Ballard by someone: location of lock connecting Salmon Bay, Lake Union, and Lake Washington at narrows aggrieves local millmen,” The Seattle Daily Times, February 23, 1910, page 8.

“Turning Point 11: Borne on the 4th of July: The Saga of the Lake Washington Ship Canal” By Walt Crowley and the HistoryLink.org Staff, HistoryLink.org Essay 9311, Posted 7/03/200, http://historylink.org/file/9311.

Bitter fight begins against canal project,” The Seattle Daily Times, March 21, 1910, page 4.

King County Resolution 2262, requesting that the Secretary of War allow work on the locks to begin as part of the Lake Washington Canal Project, December 06, 1910.  Series 118, Commissioners Proceedings, item 118.174.137, King County Archives.

King County Resolution 2294, appointing R.H. Thomson as the County's representative at the hearing before the Secretary of War on the Lake Washington Canal, June 6, 1911. Series 118, Commissioners Proceedings, item 118.174.170, King County Archives.

King County Resolution 2235, directing the Prosecuting Attorney to petition for a rehearing of all issues surrounding the construction of the Lake Washington Canal, July 18, 1910. Series 118, Commissioners Proceedings, item 118.174.110, King County Archives.

“County Board delays action in canal case,” The Seattle Daily Times, June 22, 1910.

Neil H. Purvis, "History of the Lake Washington Canal," Washington Historical Quarterly, April 1934, pp. 114-127.

“Great opportunity up to voters of Seattle,” The Seattle Daily Times, October 29, 1910, page 5.

“Canard circulated to scare bond supporters,” The Seattle Daily Times, October 28, 1910, page 19.

 

A New Survey

“Blunder in judgment threatens to check work on lake canal,” The Seattle Daily Times, July 1, 1913, front page.

Series 276, Salmon Bay Waterway Condemnation Survey 1255, Records of County Engineer, King County Archives.

 

The Stimson Mill

“Never far from the trees: a history of Stimson Lumber Company, 1850-2001,” Stimson Lumber, http://www.stimsonlumber.com/about/page/stimson-history/.

“The Electrification of the Stimson Mill Company’s Plant,” Electrical Review and Western Electrician, Volume 65, No. 4, July 23, 1914, Page 163.

Ficken, Robert E., The Forested Land: A A History of Lumbering in Western Washington University of Washington Press; January 1987.

 

1917

Ficken, Robert E., The Forested Land: A History of Lumbering in Western Washington, University of Washington Press; January 1987.

“The International Shingle Weavers of America,” by Philip C. Emerson, University of Washington STRIKE: Seattle General Strike Project , 1999.http://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/emerson.shtml

“The International Union of Timberworkers, 1911-1923,” by Chris Canterbury, University of Washington, STRIKE: Seattle General Strike Project, 1999.  http://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/canterbury.shtml

“The Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen,” by Erik Mickelson, University of Washington,STRIKE: Seattle General Strike Project, 1999. https://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/mickelson.shtml

There is Unrest in the Forest: The Industrial Workers of the World and the Battle for the Eight-Hour Workday, by Kearby Matthew Chess, May 1, 2009. Washington State University Libraries Research Exchange. http://hdl.handle.net/2376/2684 

A history of the Spruce Production Division [draft], Brice P. Disque, 1918.National Archives Identifier 5048576.

Letter June 21, 1918, Files/Special orders, War Department Bureau of Aircraft Production, Spruce Production Division, 1918-1919, National Archives at Seattle.

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