The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996
Public Law 104-191
The HIPAA law, though passed in 1996, was implemented over several years. According to this law, health plans, health care clearinghouses and health care providers who conduct certain financial and administrative transactions electronically are considered "covered entities." All covered entities must read and understand their obligations under the various rules of this law.
The Transaction Rule determines the electronic format for data transmitted between health care providers and health insurance plans or Medicaid and other governmental health plans.
The Security Rule was developed to protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of individual health records. Any health care provider, health care clearinghouse or health plan that electronically maintains or transmits health information pertaining to an individual must comply with the security standards.
The Privacy Rule gives patients greater access to their own medical records and more control over how their personal health information is used.
The National Provider Identifier rule establishes a unique identification number for covered health care providers.
King County's Role
King County Behavioral Health and Recovery Division (BHRD) is attempting to coordinate with and support our health care providers by maintaining this Web page with links to HIPAA Web pages and other resources. We will not offer legal advice, nor will we produce a compliance plan for other organizations. However, we will work together with our providers to learn the requirements of the law and to implement the necessary policies and procedures prior to its implementation. Each county provider is invited to submit the name and e-mail address of its HIPAA contact person. We will send HIPAA information to this email list.
Note: Links and resources listed on our website are provided as a convenience to providers; they are not endorsed by King County BHRD.
For more information, please contact the King County BHRD lead staff person for HIPAA compliance, René Franzen.